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第二届语言习得、认知与脑科学学术论坛--学术报告(一)

发布日期: 2020-06-27 浏览次数:
题目:Understanding Resemblance and Correlation Constraints on Figurative Thought and Language
主讲人:西班牙Francisco José Ruiz de Mendoza Ibáñez教授
时间:2020-06-27 11:16
地点:ZOOM ID: 750 888 0655
主办单位:语言认知科学学科创新引智基地
讲座内容:

主讲人简介:

    Francisco José Ruiz de Mendoza Ibáñez教授,为SSCI期刊Review of Cognitive Linguistics 主编,拉里奥哈大学现代语言学院院长,曾任西班牙应用语言学会主席,创建国际研究组织Lexicomwww.lexicom.es。主持国家项目6项,在国际顶级期刊Journal of Pragmatics, Language and Communication, Language Sciences, Cognitive Semantics, Language and Cognition 等共发表具有影响力的论文150余篇。受邀国际会议等发言60多次。


讲座内容简介:

    

In Cognitive Linguistics correlation metaphor is argued to arise from frequently co-occurring experiences (Lakoff and Johnson, 1999); e.g. someone is “in love”, because states and locations correlate in experience (e.g. we feel cool “in” the shade). Resemblance is a matter of cross-domain similarities; e.g. blue eyes can be “sapphires”. This presentation finds resemblance to be more productive in cognitive terms than assumed so far.

 

We propose two distinctions:

 

1. Low-level and high-level resemblance (cf. Ruiz de Mendoza 2020). Not all possible experiential correlations give rise to metaphor; e.g. feeling itchy and the urge to scratch oneself. However, if besides experiential correlation there is high-level resemblance, a correlation metaphor arises; e.g. CHANGE IS MOTION is grounded in the similar feelings of being in a different condition when changing state and when changing location.

 

2. Structural and attribute-based resemblance (Ruiz de Mendoza and Pérez 2011). Analogy is based on structural resemblance, which can underlie metaphor and simile; e.g. the heart is to the circulatory system what a pump is to a hydraulic system; so, the heart is (like) a “pump”. In attribute-based metaphor and simile (e.g. blue eyes are like sapphires), the two terms of the comparison have a common attribute but there is no structural relation between each term and something else.

 

These distinctions are important to account for other figures: paragon combines analogy with metonymy; allegory is a metonymy-based analogy where each of the characters stands for a whole class of items; synesthesia works on the high-level similarity of effects in two different sensory domains.

 


ZOOM 链接: http://zoom.com.cn/j/7508880655